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It would be an understatement to link the Nuraghi to the province of Cagliari only, since it is an architectural symbol present up and down the island with the greatest coastal development in Italy.
For this reason, in this article, we will limit ourselves to talking about two nuragic sites in the southern area of Sardinia, while we will give space to the other nuragic structures in an in-depth study on Olbia.
Near Cagliari we find in Quartu Sant’Elena, already mentioned for the beach of Poetto, the nuraghe Diana, the closest to the regional capital, am important nuraghe for recent history too.
Its strategic position and its main tower were in fact also used during the Second World War as an outpost to monitor movements and landings within the Gulf of Angels.
Only after the end of the conflict the archaeological excavations continued, bringing to light the whole nuragic system of the promontory of Is Mortorius, a sardinian nomen omen to indicate the countless battles that took place at its feet over the centuries.
But of all the nuragic complexes, the largest and most famous in the world, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is that of Barumini, in the province of South Sardinia, in particular the Medio Campidano.
There are several hypotheses regarding the dating of the site, but it is possible to establish that it was inhabited by populations of the Bronze Age, between the 11th and 10th centuries BC.
At the center of the system stands the Su Nuraxi tower, 18 meters high, which gives its name to the entire site, which extends up to Casa Zapata, an Aragonese residence from the 1500s and located in the town center, inhabited by about a thousand and three hundred people.
Barumini is therefore the classic example of a village rich in history, around which it is however possible to make excursions of all kinds, from trekking to biking, especially in search of the Cavallini della Giara, a species of horses endemic to the area, present in the territory at wild state.
For those who want to know more about the Nuragic civilization we recommend a visit to the National Archaeological Museum of Cagliari.