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It is said that the great Greek inventor Archimedes made one of his most wonderful discoveries, Archimedes' Principle, while taking a bath.
Caught by the flash of genius and the euphoria of the moment, he decided to take to the street screaming Eureka and running naked in the middle of the city: that city was Syracuse.
Great center of Magna Graecia, so much so that it was visited three times by the Athenian philosopher Plato, Syracuse is a city appreciated by all the greats of antiquity (Cicero called it the most beautiful city in Magna Graecia) and with a charm shrouded in myth.
Myth that especially surrounds the wonders of Ortigia, one of the most beautiful habitable islands in the world.
Connected to the rest of the city by two bridges, in Ortigia we find in fact the two most famous architectural structures of the city: the Duomo, a building dedicated to the cult of the various divinities who have been worshiped over the centuries, and the first Norman-style church ever built; and the Maniace Castle, an enchanting palace inhabited by Frederick II of Swabia, which stands on the seafront named after the divine Alfeo.
And it is precisely linked to Alfeo and his spasmodic love for the nymph Arethusa, which is the basis of the narrative linked to the city.
Arethusa, in fact, asked Artemis be transformed into a source to escape from the clutches of the son of Oceano and now there is nothing left but an enchanting pool of groundwater, the only European place where papyrus grows.
But these are not the only three beauties of the city, which has undergone the influences of all the civilizations that have colonized it, including the Byzantines, the Arabs, and even before the Romans, whose remains of the amphitheater are UNESCO heritage. As well as the temple of Apollo, the scene of the tragedies of Aeschylus and still used in our times, and the Ear of the tyrant Dionysus, all dating back to the aforementioned Greek period.
Then to finish as we opened, the Archaeological Park of the Neapolis, hosts the tomb of Archimedes, the illustrious citizen with whom we invite you to visit the city.