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After one of his classic escapades, Zeus decided to hide Leto on an island in the Aegean Sea where his jealous wife Hera could not find her.
Thus, the sun god Apollo and the moon goddess Artemis were born on this island: this island was then called Delos, meaning the clear, the luminous.
Delos, despite being among the smallest of the Cyclades, was in fact considered, together with Delphi, the most important of the lands sacred to the gods and one of the fulcrum of the history of ancient Greece.
The events that depict it are really of an ambivalent nature given the great glories but also the numerous falls from grace.
The island, after having been the seat of the homonymous League, established by the Greek cities to defend themselves together following the wars against the Persian Empire, fell in 454 BC under the Athenians.
The latter transferred the treasures to their homeland and in 426 BC, and, after having also defrauded the tombs, they instituted a rule that still applies today: no one is allowed to be born or to die on the island.
Even the Romans centuries later used it as a base, yet the island was repeatedly destroyed and abandoned to itself until the nineteenth century and the arrival of the French school of archeology.
Thus began the excavations, realizing the wonders that the island contains and for which it was proclaimed a UNESCO site in 1990.
We report here the possible itinerary to discover all these ruins: proceeding from the sacred port, passing near the houses of Dionysus, Cleopatra and the Trident, you arrive at the ancient theater.
The house of the Masks and that of the Dolphins, on the other hand, preserve wonderful mosaics.
From here you get to the top of Mount Kynthos and you can contemplate the splendid landscape on the islands of Naxos and Siros to the north, Tixos to the south and Mykonos to the east.
Going down, you pass the cave of Heracles and the terraces of foreign gods (Syrian and Egyptian).
Further down is the house of Hermes with its large impluvium, the rainwater pool.
At the landing stage, from the Completaliasts Agorà you arrive at the district of the sanctuaries.
Walking along the Avenue of the Processions you will come across Philip's Stoà and the Agora.
At that point, crossing a square of blue marble you reach the house of the Nassi, the colossal statue and the altar in honor of Apollo.
Before the Agora of the Italians there is the Sacred Lake, now dried up in 1925.
Finally, on the left there is the greatest attraction of Delos: the terrace of the Lions, of which only the bases remain, having been transported inside the museum, at the end of the path.